Analysis of the performance of the shell and tube heat exchanger: influence of pipe layout and diameter

Main Article Content

Stefan Adžić
Dragiša Šimunović
Branko Radičević


Heat exchangers are devices that are used in numerous areas of industry with the most important role in process technology. The growing need for maximum energy utilization contributed to the very rapid development of these devices. Of all types of heat exchangers, shell and tube exchangers are the most widely used in process technology. The paper analyzes the performance of a shell and tube heat exchanger of known geometric characteristics and rated power. Numerically and by simulation of fluid flow in the SolidWorks software package, a comparative performance analysis was performed depending on the different layout and for the values of the outer diameter of the pipe 33,7x2 mm and 60,3x2,7 mm for the same external dimensions of the heat exchanger. The obtained results show that the heat exchanger with a circular arrangement of pipes measuring 60,2x2,7 mm has the best performance, taking into account the achieved power of the exchanger.

Article Details

How to Cite
S. Adžić, D. Šimunović, and B. Radičević, “Analysis of the performance of the shell and tube heat exchanger: influence of pipe layout and diameter ”, ET, vol. 2, no. 4, Nov. 2023.
Original Scientific Papers


S. H. Gawande, S. D. Wankhede, R. N. Yerrawar, V. J. Sonawane and U. B. Ubarhande, “Design and Development of Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger for Beverage”, Modern Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 2(4), pp. 121-125,, (2012)

L-Y. Chen, V. S. K. Adi and R. Laxmidewi, “Shell and tube heat exchanger flexible design strategy for process operability”, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, Vol. 37, 102163,, (2022)

M. A. Tomić, “Experimental and numerical investigation of thermal and fluid flow processes in package of perforated plates”, PhD thesis, University of Niš, Niš (Serbia), (2015)

B. Jaćimović and S. Genić, “Toplotne operacije i aparati – Deo 1: Rekuperativni razmenjivači toplote”, Mašinski fakultet, Beograd (Serbia), (2016)

S. Genić, B. Jaćimović, M. Jarić and N. Budimir, “Svojstva procesnih fluida”, Savez mašinskih i elektrotehničkih inženjera i tehničara Srbije, Beograd (Serbia), (2014)

B. Jaćimović, S. Genić, M. Nađ and J. Laza, “Problemi iz toplotnih operacija i aparata”, SMEITS i Mašinski fakultet, Beograd (Serbia), (1996)

H. Müller-Steinhagen, “C4 Fouling of Heat Exchanger Surfaces” in VDI Heat Atlas, VDI-Buch. Springer, Berlin (Germany),, (2010)

M. Marašević, N. Bogojević, N. Stojić, S. Adžić and D.Šimunović, “Optimization of compact heat exchanger“, Proceedings of X International Conference “Heavy Machinery HM 2021”, pp. 497-502, (2021)